Slovakia Basic Information

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Slovakia Basic Information

Basic info about Slovakia

The Slovak Republic was founded on 1 January 1993 ( former Czech and Slovak Federal republic.
The president of the Slovak Republic is elected directly from the citizens and remains in the office for 5 years.

The National Assembly ( Parliament) it is the legislative power, its 150 members are elected for 4 years term.
The supreme body of the executive power is the government with the chairman at it head.

President: Andrej Kiska

 Prime minister: Robert Fico

Speaker of the National Council: Andrej Danko

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Independence: 1 January 1993

Constitution: 1 January 1993

 European Union member: 1 May 2004

Schengen area entry: 21 December 2007

The euro currency: 1 January 2009

Latest elections to National Assembly: 5 March 2016

Political parties - Government parties:
Smer SD (Social democracy)
SNS (Slovak National Party)
Most-Hid (bridge, in Slovak and Hungarian language)

SaS (Freedom and Solidarity)
OlaNO (Ordinary people and independent personalities)
LSNS (People's party our Slovakia)
Sme Rodina (We are family)

Slovakia is lying in Central Europe.
The central & northern Slovakia is mountainious and the southern and eastern part of the country is a lowland

Official name: Slovak Republic or Slovakia

Capital: Bratislava, 415 000 inhabitants 

 Population: 5,4 million

Density: 107/

Slovak 85%, Hungarian 10%, Roma 1,5%, Czech 1%, Ruthenian 0,3%
Ukrainian 0,3%, German 0,1, Polish 0,1%

Roman-Catholic 65%, Greek-Catholic 3,4%, Reformist 1,6%, Orthodox 0,6%
Without confession 6%

Bordering countries:
Czech Republic 261.3km, Poland 508.2km, Ukraine 95.8km
Hungary 630.9km

Time zone:
UTC/GMT + 1 hour ( the summer time is GMT +2 from March to October )

Official language: Slovak language

 Electricity: 230V, 50Hz system (Travelers from US need a voltage converter)

Bank holidays: 1 January - New Year's Day Anniversary
Establishment of the Slovak Republic ( 01.01.1993 )

5 July - St. Cyril & Methodiu's Day
29 August - Anniversary of the Slovak National Uprising
1 September - The Day of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic
17 November - The day of the Fight for Freedom and Democracy

The Slovak Republic has a mild, continental climate, with generally cold, dry winters and warm (sometimes hot), moist summers.
Temperatures will vary according to elevation in the many mountainous areas. The warmest and driest regions are the southern plains and the eastern lowlands. In those areas the average temperature is 10 degrees of Celsius, and the average annual rainfall is near 500mm. Heavy snow with significant accumulation is common at higher elevations in Tatra mountains during the winter months.

The currency in use is euro. The euro is divided into 100 cents. Notes and coins of the following denominations are in circulation:

Coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents, 1 EUR, 2 EUR
Notes in denominations of EUR 500 , 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5

Credit cards:
Major credit cards (American Express, Diners Club, VISA and Eurocard/Mastercard) and debit cards (Maestro and Visa Electron) may be used to withdraw cash from ATMs and for payments in hotels, restaurants, shops and petrol stations.
Credit cards can also be used to obtain cash.

The Slovaks are descendants of a Slavic people who settled near the Danube between 400 and 500 AD .The population is about 85% Slovaks.
Hungarians, concentrated in the southern border districts, form the largest minority. Czechs, Germans, Jews & Poles are found throu ghout the nation, while Ruthenians are concentrated in the east and northeast part of the country. There is a sizable population of Roma, Gypsies, which is a derogative form, who are found mainly in the eastern part of the country.

Traffic regulations:

Speed limit: main road is 90 km/h / 55 miles per hour
Highway 130 km/h / 80 miles per hour
Cities and villages is 50km/h / 31 miles per hour

Children until 12 years of age must not be seated on front seat.
The safety belts have to be always fastened on all seats.

Emergency telephone numbers:
SOS/emergency calls: 112
Police: 158
Ambulance: 155
Fire brigade: 150
Road service: 18 124

Calls are free of charge from a mobile phone or any phone booths.

Distances in km /miles
From Bratislava to neighboring foreign capitals:
Vienna 66km / 41miles
Budapest 200km / 124miles
Prague 333km / 206miles
Warsaw 657km / 406 miles

From Bratislava to main cities:
Trnava 56km / 34miles
Trencin 129km / 80miles
Nitra 95km / 59miles
Zilina 203km / 126miles
Banska Bystrica 211km / 131miles
Presov 421km / 261miles
Kosice 403km / 250miles

Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 autonomous regions:
Bratislava region with the capital Bratislava city (415000)

Western part of Slovakia:
Trnava region, capital Trnava city (68000)
Trencin region, capital Trencin city (56000)
Nitra region, capital Nitra city (85000)

Central part of Slovakia:
Zilina region, capital Zilina city (85000)
Banska Bystrica region, capital Banska Bystrica (81000)

Eastern part of Slovakia:
Presov region, capital Presov city (91000)
Kosice region, capital Kosice city (240000)

Slovak flag:
The official flag of Slovak Republic is composed of three equal horizontal stripes:
White (at the top )
Blue (in the middle)
Red (at the bottom )

And a coat of arms of Slovakia, a double cross on a three mountains centered on the hoist side.
Slovak flag, in common with other Slavonic nations, uses the red, white and blue colours.

For example, such colors you find in Russian, Czech, Croatian, Slovenian flags.
The Russian and the Slovenian flags even have the same horizontal stripes, but the Russian flag has no shield, while the Slovenian is slightly different.

Slovak anthem:
The score for "Lightning over the Tatras" was written in 1884 by Janko Matuska

Highest peak:
Gerlachovsky stit, 2655m / 8710 ft AMSL / High Tatras mountain range

Longest river:
Vah river, 403km / 250miles, springs in Tatra mountains and flows to Danube river

Maximum length (air distance):
428km / 265miles from Zahorska Ves to Nova Sedlica

Maximum width (air distance):
195km / 121miles from Sturovo to Skalite

Elevation ASL:
Lowest: 95m / 311ft Bodrog
Highest: Gerlachovsky peak 2655m / 8710ft

Major industries:
car manufacturing, engineering, chemicals, oil refining, plastics

Natural resources:
antimony ore, mercury, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc

cattle, pigs, chickens, sheep, goats

Tap water is fluoridated and safe to drink. Bottled water is very popular among the local citizens as their source of drinking water.
There are no particular health threats associated with living there. It is advisable that persons with chronic conditions requiring prescription medication should keep a one to three month supply on hand.

The country code to dial into Slovakia is +421.
To dial overseas from Slovakia dial 00 followed by the relevant country code and phone number.
Mobile telephone use is widespread in Slovakia. Setting up a mobile phone account is a simple process. Cellular telephone service is available from three providers, T-Mobile, Orange and O2. Details of their services may be obtained in English from their respective websites.

Courier services based in Bratislava:

Learning Slovak language for foreigners:

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Call us on +421918630630 (Peter) Last Updated on 13 November 2017