A SHORT HISTORY OVERVIEW
The oldest written documents go back to 1241. The arrival of German colonists after the Tartar invasion (an invasion between 1240-1241 at present-day Slovakia and neighboring countries) started the development of a prospering and flourishing medieval town.
The location was strategic as it lies on an ancient trade route connecting the Baltic Sea with the Black sea.
Hungarian king Louis I gave privileges to Bardejov – a free royal town and also ordered to build city walls and bastions around the town.
As trade and crafts expanded, the 15th century became “a Golden Age” for Bardejov and is ranked among the most important towns of the Kingdom of Hungary.
On the contrary, in the 17th and 18th centuries, the series of Anti-Habsburg uprisings (uprising against the Habsburg Monarchy), the black plague epidemics paralyzed the city economically and demographically.
Nowadays, Bardejov is one of the best-preserved medieval towns in Slovakia. In the year 2000, it was inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage list.
They remind the rich history with an annual Bardejov fair – Bardejovsky jarmok, an event held every year in August when Bardejov comes to life.
Around 4 days, hundreds of dancers, musicians, theatre, handicrafts, attractions, games, and competitions for children. Bardejov fair is the closing event of the official Bardejov Cultural Summer.
RECOMMENDED TRIPS AROUND BARDEJOV
1, Bardejov SPA
Only 10min by car you can find the Bardejov Spa, located in a picturesque valley surrounded by woods. The SPA has all the conditions to provide appropriate treatments for the respiratory system, circulation conditions, and digestive tract.
Among the numerous guests were also Marie Louise – wife of French emperor Napoleon I, Russian Tzar Alexander I, Empress Elisabeth (Sisi) – wife of Francis Joseph I (Austrian emperor), and other prominent noblemen.
2, Bardejov open-air museum (skanzen)
Near the Bardejov SPA, you can find a Museum of Folk Architecture, the oldest open-air museum in Slovakia, where you can go back in time to the 19th – 20th century.
You can admire almost 30 different objects (wooden houses of peasants, mayor house, barns, wooden churches from Upper Saris region and North-eastern Zemplin region.
3, Hervartov UNESCO wooden church
Only 15min by car from Bardejov, you can find the oldest (and best-preserved) wooden church in Slovakia, the Roman-Catholic church of Saint Francis of Assisi. It was built at the end of the 15th century in a gothic style, located at the end of the village Hervartov. Since 2008 it is on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
4, Greek-Catholic wooden churches
If you would like to see more wooden churches, visit remote villages located from Bardejov to the North-East, East.
Where to have tasty food?
We love Cactus restaurant located 5min by car.
Contact: Web: Cactus Restaurant
Address: Stefanikova 61, 085 01 Bardejov
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Peter, founder & CEO of Best Slovakia Tours