WOODEN CHURCHES (2008)
We mention here 8 wooden churches that were inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list. These unique wooden churches are located mostly in North-Eastern Slovakia, in the Carpathian Mountain area.
They were built between the 16th – 18th century and there are 3 types:
Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Hervartov village in the Presov region is one of the oldest (15the century built) and best-preserved wooden churches. From the precious interior, it is worth mentioning altars dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Saint Barbara, and Catherine of Alexandria as well as wall figural motifs of Adam and Eve in the paradise, Saint George and the Dragon.
Church of All Saints in Tvrdosin village in Zilina region is another unique 15th-century Gothic structure. What’s inside? Main Baroque altar of All saints, paintings of the Apostles, late Renaissance pulpit, and painting of St. George fighting a dragon. All from the 17th century.
Back in time (end of 17th cent.), during the reign of the Habsburg ruler emperor Leopold I generally it was forbidden for the Protestants to build churches. However, later, under special conditions, they could build them if they fulfilled a list of laws called “artikula”, from this the name articular churches.
The conditions given to the protestant believers after the Congress of Sopron were: to be built only from wood, no iron nails, construction must be finished within a year, the church must be outside of city walls, and tower must be built separately.
The Protestant church of Lestiny in Zilina region was constructed in the 17th century. The type of wood was spruce. What’s inside? The richly decorated sacristy, painted marble ceiling, and illusory architecture on the walls.
Did you know that our famous poet Pavol Orsagh Hviezdoslav was baptized in this church?
The Protestant church of Hronsek in the Banska Bystrica region is an early 18th-century wooden church that was built near the river Hron in a swampy area. They planted linden trees all around to dry it.
What’s inside? Baroque altar with six oil paintings of Christological cycle dated back to 1771 and Baroque organ from 1764. The capacity of this church is unbelievable – up to 1100 people. It is really interesting that we can find many unusual motives from Scandinavian architecture here, therefore it is assumed that craftsmen from Norway or Sweeden participated in its construction.
Protestant church in Kezmarok town from the 17th century. What’s inside? Baroque altar with Madonna under the Cross and statues of Moses and Aaron on the sides. Ceilings are decorated with paintings of 12 apostles, 4 evangelists, and the Holy Trinity above the altar.
Church of St. Nicolas in Bodruzal village in the Presov region, from17th century is surrounded by the cemetery and the walls. Inside are 18th-century wall paintings as well as preserved Iconostasis.
Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Ladomirova village in the Presov region) from the 18th century.
Church of St. Nicolas the Bishop in Ruska Bystra village in Kosice region from the 18th century.
Would you like to a wooden church? Visit with us on our Grand Tour of Slovakia or plan a Private Tour.